Important Information on Verona Drinking Water: PFOA

The Verona Water Department System had levels of Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) Above a Drinking Water Standard.

However, the drinking water you are currently receiving is provided by the Passaic Valley Water Commission and does not exceed the standard. 

The water currently being distributed to the Township’s water users is safe to drink.  

The Verona water system recently violated a New Jersey drinking water standard, and as our customers, you have a right to know what happened, what you should do, and what we have already done and are continuing to do to correct this situation. 

We routinely monitor for the presence of federal and state regulated drinking water contaminants. New Jersey adopted a standard, or maximum contaminant level (MCL), for PFOA in 2020 and monitoring began in 2021.  The MCL for PFOA is 14 parts per trillion and is based on a running annual average (RAA), in which the four most recent quarters of monitoring data are averaged. On July 22, 2021, we received notice that the sample collected from the Fairview Avenue Well on 3/31/2021 and 6/30/2021 showed that our system exceeds the PFOA MCL.  PFOA was found at 35.1 and 33.5 parts per trillion respectively which caused the RAA to exceed the MCL regardless of the next two (2) quarter results.  In July 2021, the Township of Verona stopped using the Fairview Avenue Well and proceeded to purchase all drinking water for Verona residents from the Passaic Valley Water Commission, which does not exceed the MCL. 

What is PFOA?

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a member of the group of chemicals called per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), used as a processing aid in the manufacture of fluoropolymers used in non-stick cookware and other products, as well as other commercial and industrial uses, based on its resistance to harsh chemicals and high temperatures. PFOA has also been used in aqueous film-forming foams for firefighting and training, and it is found in consumer products such as stain-resistant coatings for upholstery and carpets, water-resistant outdoor clothing, and greaseproof food packaging.  Major sources of PFOA in drinking water include discharge from industrial facilities where it was made or used and the release of aqueous film-forming foam.  Although the use of PFOA has decreased substantially, contamination is expected to continue indefinitely because it is extremely persistent in the environment and is soluble and mobile in water.

What does this mean?

*People who drink water containing PFOA in excess of the MCL over time could experience problems with their blood serum cholesterol levels, liver, kidney, immune system, or, in males, the reproductive system. Drinking water containing PFOA in excess of the MCL over time may also increase the risk of testicular and kidney cancer. For females, drinking water containing PFOA in excess of the MCL over time may cause developmental delays in a fetus and/or an infant. Some of these developmental effects may persist through childhood.

*For specific health information, see

What should I do?

  • If you have specific health concerns, a severely compromised immune system, have an infant, are pregnant, or are elderly, you may be at higher risk than other individuals and should seek advice from your health care providers about drinking this water. 
  • The New Jersey Department of Health advises that infant formula and other beverages for infants, such as juice, should be prepared with bottled water when PFOA is elevated in drinking water.
  • Pregnant, nursing, and women considering having children may choose to use bottled water for drinking and cooking to reduce exposure to PFOA.
  • Other people may also choose to use bottled water for drinking and cooking to reduce exposure to PFOA or a home water filter that is certified to reduce levels of PFOA. Home water treatment devices are available that can reduce levels of PFOA. For more specific information regarding the effectiveness of home water filters for reducing PFOA, visit the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) International website,
  • Boiling your water will not remove PFOA.

For more information, see

What is being done?

Typically, the Township of Verona blends water purchased from the Passaic Valley Water Commission with water supplied by our well. Although the New Jersey Safe Drinking Water Act allows water systems a year following a violation to bring the drinking water into compliance with the MCL, as of July 28, 2021, the Township removed the Fairview Avenue Well from service and began purchasing all water for Verona residents from Passaic Valley Water Commission. 

The Linn Drive Well was out of service for repair during the first half of 2021 so sampling did not occur. However, based on the results of preliminary samples taken in 2020, we expect water from the Linn Drive Well will also exceed the MCL for PFOA.  Although we do not currently have a violation for the Linn Drive Well, the Township will keep the Linn Drive Well out of service.

As stated above, the Township is now solely utilizing water purchased from the Passaic Valley Water Commission (NJ1605002) until such time as we can remediate this issue.  The water from the Passaic Valley Water Commission does not exceed the contamination limits for PFOA per the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection regulations.  Accordingly, the water currently being distributed to the Township’s water users meets all safety standards and is safe to drink. 

The Township is working to design and engineer a proper remediation system for both wells. We anticipate being able to resolve this problem within a couple years.

For more information, please contact Township Manager, Joseph D'Arco at (973) 857-4767 or

*Please share this information with all the other people who drink this water, especially those who may not have received this notice directly (for example, people in apartments, nursing homes, schools, and businesses). You can do this by posting this notice in a public place or distributing copies by hand or mail.*

This notice is being sent to you by the Verona Water Department. State Water System ID#: NJ0720001.

Read the letter from Mayor Roman and the Township Council Here

Date updated: March 25, 2022

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